In July 2017, Adobe made the announcement that they will discontinue support for Flash in 2020. Subsequent to that announcement, major web browser producers Microsoft and Google announced that they will disable the Flash plugin by default in 2019. So, the inevitable question from learning organizations is, “What will happen to our training courses that use Flash?”
We have anticipated this question and developed tools and methodologies to convert course inventories that contain Flash courses and HTML courses that contain Flash content. I want to take this opportunity to answer this question, and a few others I’ve frequently heard in recent conversations, so that you and your teams can prepare for this major industry shift.
Q: What can I do in advance to prepare for the transition from Flash to HTML5?
A: The first things that you will need to do is arm yourself with information about your infrastructure roadmap and the makeup of your current course inventory. Then, answer some questions about whether or not this is an opportunity to reengineer some of your course content for a more modern, mobile, and/or micro-learning-based approach. From an infrastructure perspective, you are going to need to work with your LMS and IT teams to understand which browsers and devices will be supported in the 2019/20 timeframe. This will allow you to set a baseline for your development and will aid you in developing a methodology for your course testing and new course framework (if you plan to move to a unified HTML5 course framework). The next thing that you need to do is to conduct a systematic inventory of your course catalog so that you can create priorities and a systematic workflow for transformation and testing. I’ll cover this more in the next section. And finally, you may want to use this opportunity to consider whether some of your legacy courses can be reimagined to meet your modern learning audience. Below we’ve outlined a four-step process to help support your conversion planning.
Q: What types of things will I need to know about my course inventory when planning a conversion from Flash?
A: You will want to create a spreadsheet that collects information about your courses such as follows:
- Course ID
- Course Name
- Complexity (L1, L2, etc.)
- Seat time
- Authoring tool – What was it created with or which common framework, are the source files are available, etc.?
Another important aspect of this inventory will be metrics from your LMS and the Businesses on the criticality of each course to set a Priority. As an example, Compliance courses may fall under Priority 1, while courses that are rarely used or used by a narrow audience may fall under Priority 4. This information will be used to establish a workflow, identify commonalities, build conversion automation (where possible), and determine phases.
Q: Besides converting from Flash to HTML5, what other things might I want to consider when planning to convert my courses?
A: In the first section I talked a bit about “modernizing” learning. This might be in the form of shorter learning bites, performance support training, and mobile architectures. Once you have created an inventory of your courses and reviewed your LMS usage/completion reports, you will be able get a clearer picture of which training has been effective and which training may be due for an update. And now that you’ve established a roadmap with your IT and LMS teams, you might be able to consider developing a unified HTML5 mobile framework that is suited for both desktop and mobile learning modules.
Q: What makes for a good HTML5 framework?
A: A good HTML5 framework is built from a “mobile first” point of view. That means that the user interface (UI) is built from the perspective that it will be designed in a responsive (collapsible) manner that considers the display on a smartphone, desktop or tablet. The primary reason for designing this fashion is that UI interactions on a smartphone require considerations such as display size, touch-based navigation, and user interaction types that desktop and tablets are more forgiving about. So, by thinking from a smartphone perspective first, you are less likely to run into problems with trying to retrofit content and activities.
Your HTML5 framework should also be built to be scalable from a development standpoint. This means that the more complex programming aspects of the framework are abstracted away from the content development portions of the framework. Therefore, instructional designers and content editors can build content into the framework without having to know programming languages. That way, programmers can focus on building reusable interactive components, while IDs can focus on the learning.
Q: Is any of my Flash content salvageable and how can I know?
A: This picture will become clearer as you go through your content inventory. During that process, you will be determining how each course was built and whether the course “source” files are available. Course “source” files are the files that were used to build the course and then export it to a finished SCORM format. As an example, your original course may have been built (programmed and assembled) in Adobe Captivate, but at the end of that process the developer exported the final version as a SCORM package that was given to your LMS team as a zipped version.
That zip version does not contain the original source files, and unless you have a central repository for storing source files, they are probably with the original developer. This is not the end of the world, but it does narrow your options for transforming the course. The salvageability of your course files will fall into one of three buckets:
- Courses built in commercial tools
- Courses built in Flash
- Courses built in custom frameworks
In all three cases, you will want to find the source files if you can. If you cannot, sometimes the SCORM or compiled versions of the course leaves you with options to pick out the relevant text and media, which may facilitate automation.
In the end, a successful transition to a Flash-less world does not have to be a scary prospect. Please feel free to reach out to GP Strategies if you have any questions or if you need support.
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